The adult literacy rate in Germany is 99%. Government spending on education is 4.5% of GDP. The education index in Germany is 0.884 - the formal level of education is high, the secondary level is standard for the majority of the population; Higher education is highly available and widespread due to the economic demand for graduates, and higher education is also becoming the standard option in many of these countries. The people in Germany speak the German language.
In Germany, around 1% of the population or 51,584,000 people speak English. 272,504 of the German population call English their mother tongue. 51,311,496 of the German population use English as a foreign or second language.
In Germany, the population density is 228 inhabitants per square kilometer (593 per square mile). Based on these statistics, this country is considered to be densely populated. The total population of Germany is 82,293,457 people. Germany has around 12,005,690 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Germany make up 4.3 percent of the total number of immigrants worldwide. Immigrants in Germany make up 11.9 percent of the total number of immigrants worldwide. The ethnic diversity of Germany is almost uniform according to an ethnic faction scale. Ethnic fractionation (EF) deals with the number, size, socio-economic distribution, and geographic location of various cultural groups, usually in a state or otherwise demarcated territory. Specific cultural characteristics, alone or in combination, can relate to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history or other characteristic criteria. These characteristics are often used for social exclusion and monopoly of power. The index of ethnic fractionation in Germany is 0.1682. This means that the people living in Germany belong to a close group of ethnic groups that are all related to one another. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethno-linguistic group proportions, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Below you will find statistics for Germany on the median age and the gender distribution in different age groups.
The average age is about 46.1 years. The mean age of men is 45.1 years while the mean age of women is 47.2.
The gender ratio or the number of men for each woman (estimated at birth) is 1.055. It can be further subdivided into the following categories: gender ratio below 15 - 1.05; Gender ratio from 15 to 64 - 1.04; Gender ratio over 64 - 0.72; Overall gender ratio - 0.97. The overall gender ratio differs from the gender ratio estimated at birth. This is because some newborns are included in the estimated gender ratio at birth, but die within the first few weeks of life and are not included in the overall gender ratio.